Along the Niagara River above Navy Hall the military reserve known as The Commons were used to build
in 1796. Farther inland buildings were built to serve the British Indian Department in their dealings with aboriginal people in the Fort George Niagara. A council house and storage facilities stood at this location until they were destroyed during the War of 1812.
After the War of 1812, new buildings were built away from the exposed position of
. By 1854, the site was known as Fort George Butler’s Barracks in honour of John Butler and his Butler’s Rangers who served during the American Revolution and founded the town of . The area around Niagara ’s Barracks included a variety of buildings such as a hospital, commandant’s quarters and storehouses, among others. This area became defence headquarters for the Niagara Region. Butler
The site was transferred to
in 1871 and was used to train regular and militia units. During World War I, the site became a training camp for 14,000 soldiers of the 2nd Division of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. By 1917, Canada Butler’s Barracks became a winter training camp for the Polish Army known as . Camp Kosciuszko
During World War II, the area was known as
Camp Niagara where buildings, tents, parade grounds and other facilities took over the area and remained active until the 1960s as a military training ground. Soldiers who trained at the Camp Niagara ’s Barracks site served in the Boer War, World War I and World War II, in the Korean War, and in peacekeeping efforts during the 20th century. Butler