Drummond was also responsible for the civilian administration of
. When Drummond took command, he
pressured the legislature to enact harsh penalties for treasonous behavior.
This led to the seizure of property and imprisonment for certain individuals,
as well as the Bloody Assize trials that culminated in the hanging of eight traitors. As well, Drummond helped to fix the logistical
problems present in the Upper Canada Niagara Peninsula by setting food prices and by sending army
dependents (wives and children of soldiers) to . Kingston
Drummond was not immune to the dangers of war. At the Battle of Lundy’s Lane Drummond was wounded by a musket ball that entered under his right ear and lodged in the back of his neck. He managed to tie a handkerchief around his wound and continued the battle. He eventually had the ball cut out a few days later. Although Drummond was wounded, he continued to command by sending his army to lay siege to the American army held-up in
Fort Erie. The
British were unsuccessful in dislodging the Americans, but Drummond and his
forces did manage to prevent the Americans from proceeding farther into the
When the War of 1812 ended, Drummond was knighted and in April 1815 he succeeded George Prevost as Commander-in-Chief of the
He served in this position for a year before retiring citing ill health. Due to
his service in Canadas ,
the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada awarded him large land grants.
Drummond decided to donate the land grants, along with his wartime prize money,
to the widows and orphans of soldiers. Drummond knew the pain of losing loved
ones as one of his sons joined the Royal Navy and the other joined the army; both
died in the service. In Drummond’s later years, he lived in a townhouse in Upper Canada and died in 1854 at
the age of 82. London
Some historians praise Drummond for his courageous leadership and effective administration whereas others scold him for his lack of dynamism. This summer make sure to visit the
Niagara Falls History Museum,
Old Fort Erie and Fort George to learn more
about Gordon Drummond and form your own opinion of this Canadian General.